Dutch 17th c. accounting with wampum

During the 17th century the Dutch used the term ‘sewant’ or sometimes ‘zeewant’ to describe wampum. Janny Venema has been translating Dutch documents and here are images and the respective translations of a few pages from around 1664 that mention ‘sewant’. In bold are the transactions that used ‘sewant’.

Disbursements of the deaconry by Jan van Aken 1664 January

4 Jan. bought a deer for sewant          20.-
    of which a quarter deer was used by de Vries,
    a quarter by Caarsten Noorman, a quarter by
    Jan Michielsz and a quarter by Crawaet
13 ditto    paid to Jacob de brouwer’s wife because
of Arent Isacksz’s child in sewant 120         120.-
13 ditto    for half a pound of pyt           6.-
14 ditto    to Maritie Claes one schepel of corn           5.-
17 ditto    Ysbrant half a barrel of soap and a
schepel of corn          22.-
17 ditto    Gerrit van Campen          10.-
17 ditto    to oude capiteyn            2.-
17 ditto    bought a deer from Goosen Gerritsz          18.-
of which a quarter was used by Carsten
Noorman, and a quarter by Jan Michielsz, and
a quarter by Ysbrant and a quarter Jan Bruen
21 ditto    Jan Cornelis Bruyn a pair of shoes          12.-
21 ditto    Carsten Noorman one schepel of corn
25 ditto    Crawaet one schepel of corn
27 ditto    Claes Teunisz three shirts          30.-
the same two pairs of stockings          12.-
also two ells of dosijnties          20.-
also three ells and a quarter of duffel          26.-
28 ditto    in sewant               6.-
Ysbrant one and a half schepel of corn
29 ditto    paid to Hubert two months’ house rent
for Capiteyn           20.-
29 ditto    Claes Teunisz a blanket for          27.-
356.-

Receipts of the deaconry by Jan van Aken 1664 January

1 ditto    received in church in sewant          24. 3
2 ditto    received in church          37.10
6 ditto    received in church          37. 7
9 ditto    received in church           4.-
13 ditto    received in church          43. 8
15 ditto    received by Jan Verbeeck on account of  Jurriaen Teunisz          18.-
16 ditto    received in church           6.-
20 ditto    received in church          35.11
23 ditto    received in church           5. 8
27 ditto    received in church          39. 4
30 ditto    received in church           5. 2
255.13

Ady Beverwijck anno 1657                     Receipts of the deaconry
January
1 ditto    collected in church           21. 2
7 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           37. 3
11        received from the previous account of 1656,
and there is still on hand          447.-
14 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           28.12
16 ditto    collected out of the boxes           75. 2
21 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           29. 6
28 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           37.13
ditto     received from Rutgert Jacupsz the last
    money of his promissory note regarding the  
    sewant he bought in 1656. Paid in sewant and
    in bills to Rut, including 6 beavers          315.16     
                  991.14

February
4 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           31.-
11 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           27.-
14 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           38.15
18 ditto    collected in church on Wednesday            6. 2
20 ditto    collected in church on Sunday           35. 8
ditto    collected in church on Wednesday            5. 8
received            4.19
148.12

Ady in Beverwijck anno 1657        Disbursements of the deaconry
January
16        advanced to the magistrates           10.-
ditto    paid to Rutger Jackupsen for the scales and
the weights that come with them            60.-
ditto    Rutgert Jacupsen was paid for the magistrates
what they commonly had advanced as it shows in
the account           168.-
20 ditto    paid to Carsten de booshacker for cutting
the gutters for the poor house            1.10
ditto    given to Iersman de Hyer, who was begging,
as alms            12.-
ditto    given to the orphan boy who lives at Joriyen
Glasemacker’s, [Wout?] a pair of stockings            2.-
253.10

February
4 ditto    paid to Goort and Jan Barentsen for making
the chair for the honorable consistory, and a
table and two benches for the use of the Holy
Communion           41. 2
10 ditto    bought two pairs of hinges and 50 nails
for the poor house            3.16
11 ditto    paid to Goort and Jan Barntsen for making
the gutters on the poor house           21. 4
28 ditto    given to Jan van Bremen’s wife in money            6.-
ditto    paid to Andries Harberts for half a beaver
which he had advanced to the poor            5.-
ditto    paid to Andries Harberts for a bolster [or
straw mattress] which, by order of the
consistory, he gave to a ransomed Frenchman           10.-
87. 2

Done in Beverswijck anno 1658 May
The receipts of the deaconry
5 ditto    collected in the poor bag          47. 1
5 ditto    received from Pieter Jacobsen for the
pall                 2.-
12 ditto    collected in the poor bag           38.10
14 ditto    received from Daniel de backer for the
poor              26.-
15 ditto    received from Pieter Jacobsen for the
pall               4.-
16 ditto    received for the pall            4.-
19 ditto    collected in the poor bag           42.15
26 ditto    collected in the poor bag           37. 4
30 ditto    collected in the poor bag           17. 5
218.15

Done in Beverwijck Anno 1658 in June
The receipts of the deaconry
2 ditto    collected in the poor bag           43.13
9 ditto    collected in the poor bag           53.10
10 ditto    collected in the poor bag           23.-
16 ditto    collected in the poor bag           31.-
23 ditto    collected in the poor bag           37. 9
30 ditto    collected in the poor bag           45.10
234. 2

Done in Beverwijck anno 1658 in May
The disbursements of the poor money
8 ditto    to Marytie Claesen boarding money for
the child kept by her          25.-
15 ditto    to Lammert van Valckenborgh [65], on
which he promises to pay the interest           65.-
16 ditto    paid to the carpenters for building the
baptistry           52.-
ditto    for making the floor in the baptistry           10.-
ditto    for nails for the baptistry            2.12
ditto    for a pint of oil to polish the pillars           1. 5
ditto    for 200 nails for the floor in the choir,
double and single and lasijsers            3. 8
159. 5

Done in Beverswijck anno 1658 in June
The disbursements of the deaconry
15 ditto    paid to Kesie Wouters for two days’ work
in the poor house            6.-
18 ditto    paid to Evert Noldingh for brandy and
beer drunk by the carpenters while building
the baptistry           11.12
29 ditto    to the matres wages for stringing the
    sewant of the poor           40.-   
57.15

Done in Beverwijck anno 1658

Janny Venema:  “The grand total of all entries on this page is 355 guilders and 4 stivers.  Then, at the end, Catrijna Martense is given another 105 guilders in sewant. I don’t think that is included in the total (just try to calculate (20 stivers in one guilder) So Catrijna and Annetije (read, or pronounce: Annetje) are given these amounts of money in the form of sewant.”

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